It has a kind of "Wait, there's more" feel to it, and I think it will make the kids giggle. Another part that amused me was the description of the ridiculously long and wide band-aid. When I was in school, for some reason the nurses didn't seem to have simple little band-aids. They had gauze and tape, which they must have thought seemed more seriously medical. I remember going to the nurse with a run-of the mill skinned knee.
By the time she was done with me, I had a 4-inch square of gauze and about 3 feet of tape wrapped around my knee. I tried to avoid going to the nurse after that. She made you look like you'd just come back from a war. I would go home, rip the whole thing off, and put on a little band-aid. The author's note is also well worth reading. Sure, this is a little story about how band-aids came to be, but it's also a story about how the right expertise has to come together, and how a person needs to keep refining a product and then finding ways to market.
This book would be a great introduction to a unit in which children are going to try to make their own inventions. The back matter also has some interesting stuff. There is a timeline which tells us when the first Band-Aids went into space, among other things. Another lists other medical inventions of the time and challenges students to research their story. The illustrations are whimsical and the text is kept short and conversational. This is one of the best narrative nonfiction books I have seen. Norman is a dog, a special kind of herding dog called a Briard which has long wavy hair and weighs about 75 pounds.
Though they seem like big, goofy dogs, they are actually quite smart and loyal. In the section of the book that focuses on Norman, Donahue goes into a fair amount of detail about his trainer, Karen Cobb, and the steps she went through to obtain a Briard and train him. It would provide a good overview for a child who is interested in training his or her own dog. I'll have to say that I was impressed by the breed when I learned that the 8-week-old puppy was able to refrain from peeing for over 15 hours when they took a plane ride from the breeder's back to Cobb's home.
I once had an eight-week-old puppy who couldn't seem to hold it for two minutes. Lest you think the trainer was cruel, she did bring puppy pads on the airplane and try to get Norman to do his business in the airplane bathroom, but he wasn't having any of it. Cobb found Norman easy to train, and soon she had him able to ride a scooter. I would say, you just have to watch the footage of this big, furry dog making time on his scooter. He's really good at it. The bike seems a bit of a stretch for him, but he can really scoot.
He also broke the speed record for dogs on the scooter and the bicycle yes, they have them for dogs. All of this is narrated in a style that reminds me of an early chapter book. The story is mostly text, but the pages are small, the type is fairly big, and the sentences are fairly short. It could be a perfect book for a 3rd or 4th grader who isn't that much in to fiction, but likes reading about animals. There are two other stories in the book, one about a sea otter that can shoot a ball into a hoop, and a full-grown gorilla who can walk a tightrope. This book was published by National Geographic Kids, and it has the signature right graphic design and well-chosen little photos to go along with the stories.
If you have children who like dog on a bike, they might also like Adventure Cat! Zoehfeld tells the story of three unusual cats. One, a Maine Coon Cat, actually serves as a "hearing ear cat" for a man who is deaf. The cat can alert him when the phone rings, or when someone is at the door. But her real claim to fame is that she's a sailing cat. Her owner, a man named Paul Thompson, has sailed around the world once with another cat and is planning a similar journey with this one.
She is polydactyl, which means she has extra toes, so she has even more grip when she walks on a the moving surface of a ship at sea. Another cat has brought home things he finds lying around the neighborhood; toys, gloves, towels. Hi prolific "thieving" earned him an appearance on an animal show. These days, the neighbors all know that if something's missing, they should check at that cat's house. Hawk Mother would make a good read-aloud to a group, or an introduction to birds of prey. Children can't help but be drawn in to a story of someone who takes care of a hurt animal and comes across a surprise along the way.
The area where I live in Colorado is frequented by many red-tailed hawks, and I've looked at them with new eyes after reading this book. If you have a class that has brought in an incubator of chicken eggs from your local extension office so that the children can watch the chicks hatch, they are likely to be especially interested in this book.
Hawk Mother tells the story of young red-tailed hawk who was injured by gunshot and taken in by local zoologist Kara Hagedorn. The steel shot had pierced the female hawk's wing and leg, leaving her unable to fly or fend for herself, so Hagedorn named her Sunshine because of her bright personality and built her a large aviary where she could watch other birds and hunt lizards and gophers. One day, the zoologist was surprised to see that Sunshine was building a nest and expecting her human to help , and even more surprised when she laid two eggs.
Unfortunately, the eggs were infertile because the hawk didn't have a mate, but Sunshine still proceeded to incubate them and expected Hagedorn to help out with the duties. Several times a day, Hagedorn would walk over to the nest and put her hands on the eggs while Sunshine went out to hunt and eat.
In the wild, both the mother and father hawk also share the duties in this way. For seven years Hagedorn help to "incubate" the infertile eggs and then would eventually take away the nest and the eggs, knowing they would never hatch. She remarks "Sunshine seems confused when I do this, but if I don't tear up the nest she will sit on the eggs all summer waiting for them to hatch. So, all of a sudden, this book became much more poignant than I had thought it would be. We see a picture of Sunshine,looking at the scattered leaves and twigs, all that remains of her nest, and we realize how much she has lost with her injury.
It has taken away her ability to fly and to reproduce, two things that one could argue are central to a hawk's being. Finally, Hagedorn hit on an idea. A neighbor brought her some fertile chicken eggs, and she picked the two that looked the most like hawk eggs and traded them out for the hawk eggs in Sunshine's nest. The hawk didn't seem to take notice of any changes and settled back down to incubate them.
Then one day, the eggs start to crack and the chicks hatch. Hagedorn has a little trepidation about how things will work out because chickens are different from hawks. For one thing, baby chickens are able to walk and forage for food within a day of hatching. Baby hawks are more helpless, staying in the nest and opening their mouths, waiting for their parents to feed them.
And then there is the fact that hawks will eat chickens. Things were tense for a moment when Hagedorn saw that Sunshine had that look like she was sizing up prey. But, it turned out that she was going after a snake, which she offered up to the chicks once she had killed it. The chicks gamely pecked away at it, even though it's not a common thing for them to eat. The story has a happy ending, with the hawk and chickens all agreeing to act as a family as the baby chicks turn into full-grown roosters.
In her afterword, Hagedorn explains how she took on quite a commitment because hawks can live for up to 30 years. She takes sunshine around to school groups to talk about birds in the wild. And each spring, they both still build a nest and incubate eggs. The photos are big and clear, and the text is large. The back matter includes more info about hawks and also a glossary of the terms used in the book. People of a certain age might remember the movie The Great Escape which dramatized the story of a massive escape attempt from the Nazi prisoner of war camp Stalag Luft III.
It starred quite a few prominent actors of the day, and made escaping from a prison camp look like a bit of a lark and a great adventure. Tunneling to Freedom is the story of that great escape told for children in a hardbound comic book format, and I have to say that it injected more information and reality into the story than the movie did. It would be a good choice for a reader who is daunted by lots of text and likes to read about bravery in war.
At the beginning, we find a couple of pages of exposition explaining how the men at this particular Stalag were pilots who had been shot down and taken prisoner. Stalag Luft III was thought to be "escape-proof" due to the sandy soil which made it difficult to tunnel and the sensors in the ground meant to detect any tunneling activity. By , them men had tried dozens of escapes and they had all failed.
This section ends with the sentences that will hook readers into the rest of the book "As the months wore on, the prisoners' plans of escape became ever more bold and courageous. The time was ripe for a plan to finally succeed. Turn the page, and we have full-color, full-page graphics that tells the story with comic book conventions, dialogue bubbles and short blocks of explanatory text to fill in the story.
The drawings are well-done and give readers context and a sense of the setting of the story. Even though the amount of text is small, the story coheres and tells us of the men's cleverness, from singing to cover up the sound of digging, to having the men sneak out the dirt they've dug by dropping it from inside their pant legs and spreading it throughout the prison yard. The story maintains the tension as we learn that only men are given permission to try to escape since they don't think they'll have time for more.
As I read, I wondered what would happen to the men remaining. It took bravery to remain behind and know the punishments could be severe. On the night of the escape, the men ran in to several difficulties that slowed them down. For one thing, the exit for the tunnel was too close to the guard house, and they had to post someone to let the men know when they could safely run to the woods. In addition, a portion of the tunnel caved in, and some men got jammed in the tunnel if their blanket rolls weren't tied right.
This being war, the ending isn't as happy as we'd hope. The Nazis captured 73 of the prisoners who escaped. Of those, they executed The books tells us these figures matter-of-factly, and then focuses on the 3 who still had a chance for freedom. They all managed to escape Germany and find their way back to freedom. At the end, we go back to text, and the book explains how the breakout achieved its goal, tying up numerous personnel in the search for escapees. It also has a brief account of the lives of the 3 that escaped. Though it doesn't go into wrenching detail, it does mention that one of them men learned that two brothers had been killed in concentration camps and his father had been blinded.
The other two moved to Canada and later worked for Norwegian airlines. The back matter includes a glossary, critical thinking questions , a list of additional books, and a code number for the site facthound. Most of us think of a library as a big, stationary building with lots of books, but in Library on Wheels , we learn that the concept of the bookmobile evolved pretty early on along with the idea of free public libraries. The author, Sharlee Glenn, tells us the story of Mary Lemist Titcomb, a girl who had ambitions in life but was constrained by the times because there were few opportunities for girls born in Fortunately, Titcomb's parents believed in giving their girls an education, and Mary and her sister were allowed to attend an institution of higher education.
When Mary's brothers started out on their careers, Mary wanted to get going on something too, but about the only things open to her were teaching and nursing, and neither one seemed like a good fit. Then, she heard about being a librarian, and it was a perfect match because she had always loved to read.
Her first library was in Vermont, but she was eventually recruited to develop a library in Maryland. It was one of the first county-wide libraries, set up to serve not only the people in town, but also those who lived in the outlying rural areas. Titcomb started with setting up seventy-five book deposit stations around the county where people could take from a small supply of books and then return them, but she still felt like she wasn't reaching everyone. So, she came up with the idea of commissioning a wagon, fitting it with shelves, and driving the books out to see the people.
The trustees of the library thought it was a rather crazy plan, but apparently they had enough faith in their librarian to approve it. She had the wagon painted black with staid lettering, and in one of the more amusing stories in the book, she realized that she needed to add some cheery red because some people mistook it for a wagon that came around to pick up the dead.
The wagon was a success and lent out over a thousand books in its first six months. Children who hadn't come into much contact with books now found that they could check out several at a time. Wouldn't it be nice if we could get today's children as excited about books as those children must have been in their day? This book includes lots of large pictures and illustrations to give readers the flavor of the times.
We have nice portraits of Ms. Titcomb, pictures of her library, one of the book deposit boxes, and, of the course the book wagon and subsequent book trucks that the library used. Most of them are in black and white, of course, but they are usually of good quality and convey the times. One set of photos I especially like is one that shows the original covers of some children's classics like Little Women and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The print is big, but the vocabulary can be rather challenging at times. The whole story is cast as that of a woman who was determined to make a difference and persevered with her vision.
As Mary said in an interview in "The happy person is the person who does something. With all the emphasis on carbon dioxide buildup and global climate change, we tend to forget the eye-popping amount of resources we are using, especially in the US, and the sheer volume of trash we are generating. All That Trash takes us back in time to and the infamous garbage barge that brought our waste problem into such sharp relief.
It starts with an entrepreneur who, ironically, was trying to help cut down on waste and generate energy. But, the State of North Carolina objected when they saw a barge the size of a football field full of garbage coming their way. They went to court and stopped it from landing in their state. From there on, the barge tried Alabama, Mississippi, Mexico, Belize, and the Bahamas before it was finally just incinerated back in New York.
Along the way, the garbage barge garnered lots of press and visits from people like popular talk show host Phil Donahue and environmental activist groups like Greenpeace. I'm of an age when I remember hearing about the travails of the garbage barge, but I hadn't ever heard what happened to it, so it was nice to see the story wrapped up in this book. This is a book that could have quite a few applications in the classroom, aside from the obvious recycling theme. I can see the students learning a little about geography, how trash is now turned into methane, some math about how much garbage is out there--and especially in the ocean.
The back matter has all kinds of interesting facts about the garbage barge, recycling, garbage itself, and ocean garbage. One of the things that surprised me is that the ones who bought the garbage and had ties to the mob lost money on their "cargo," but the captain sold T-shirts that said "Tour the Seas with Capt. The back matter also contains photos things that have been made from recycled objects and a long bibliography of sources.
The text is relatively short, and the illustrations fit the story well, making this a good short read-aloud for a class. Moto and Me has a nice, conversational style that will draw readers in. It may also have them dreaming about doing what Eszterhas did: spend three years living in a tent in Kenya. In many ways her first chapter "My Life in a Bush Camp" is the most interesting.
Even as a child, she would tell her mother that she would grow up to live in a tent in Africa. Several years later, she moved to a wildlife reserve in Africa to photograph the animals there. She tells of living the first year without electricity and falling asleep to all the animal sounds. In the daytime, a variety of animals wandered through her camp, including hippos, hyenas, and a bull elephant.
My eyes widened when she talked about how she often saw poisonous snakes like mambas and cobras, one of the latter even curled up and spitting on her desk. She wanted to get close to the animals, and she apparently succeeded. The story she wants to tell, though, is about Moto, a serval cat she raised after it was separated from its mother after a wildfire. She includes lots of large, high-quality photos of Moto, and he is of course adorable. Serval cats are somewhere between housecats and leopards in size.
They get to be about 30 pounds and have larger ears than the typical housecat. A ranger brought Moto to Esterhas to raise because he knew she had spent quite a bit of time watching and photographing the cats. She wasn't to raise him as a pet, though. She needed to raise him so that he was able to go back to the wild.
She tells the story of figuring out what kind of milk to use, how she brushed his hair with a toothbrush, and how she kept him close at first to comfort him. She explains how most cats are born with sisters or brothers, so she got him a stuffed duck to play with and cuddle with as he would a sibling. The pictures of Moto playing with his duckling or riding in the shirt pouch made for him will elicit lots of "aw"s. Of course, on the next few pages, you see Moto catching mice, which is not as warm and fuzzy a picture. But, this is still a scientific book after all, and the realities of wild cats is that they need to catch prey to live.
Moto seemed to take to hunting pretty naturally, and Eszterhas describes the process of weaning him off milk and letting him roam independently. Then came the day when Moto left and didn't come back At first Eszterhas was worried for him, but then she saw him out in the wild, surviving on his own as she had hoped he would.
This book would make a nice read-aloud for a group.
I imagine it would take 20 or 30 minutes. The text is fairly large, and the pictures are big, colorful, and sharp. They illustrate tender and interesting moments that will draw children in to the story. It would serve as a great introduction to animal development and the fauna of Africa.
The author includes a page of facts about servals in the back, which will be a help to any children preparing reports or posters. Dazzle Ships is a book that will appeal to children who are interested in military history, and also possibly to those who are interested in art. The setting is World War I and how desperate the British were to keep German submarines from sinking their ships. As an island nation, they simply had to keep supplies coming in so their people didn't starve. Submarines were new to warfare and the author, Chris Barton, spends some time explaining how they changed the ways wars were fought.
He describes how the British tried to brainstorm ways to stop the sub attacks. They thought of training seagulls or sea lions to spot the boats and of having swimmers divers maybe? One of the more successful ideas, was, of course, to use depth charges to explode when they reached the submarine. One fellow, Norman Wilkinson, had a different kind of idea. He thought they could paint confusing patterns on a ship so that the subs would have a hard time tracking the ship's course. If they could convince the German sub commanders that a boat was headed in a different direction, the sub might waste a torpedo aiming for the wrong place.
Since the German subs didn't have many torpedoes, each one lost meant that more ships would get through unharmed. The military named the project "Dazzle," and soon they were painting almost all the ships with odd patterns. My favorite little story from this book tells how King George V, who had joined the Royal Navy when he was just 12 years old, came to take a look at the project.
Wilkinson had him try out the concept by looking through the periscope at a "Dazzled" model and predict which way it was heading. The king took a look -- and then got it wrong, predicting that it was going the opposite direction than it really was. To his credit, the king was impressed that the technique could fool someone with so much seagoing experience. Strangely enough, no one really knows how effective "Dazzling" really was. It's the sort of thing that's hard to prove. Yet, the author points out that it's always good to use creativity and think outside the box.
The illustrations fit the text with a sort of surreal quality that includes lots of lines that make many of the pictures look dazzled themselves. It's also a little reminiscent of old comic book styles. They do a find job of dramatizing the story and keeping interest. What better to hook kids in than with a picture of a sea otter? Not only are they cute as can be, but they also fulfill the role of valuable predators in the ecosystem. In Sea Otter Heroes , Newman presents this story as a mystery though the title kind of gives away the solution.
She starts with a question that intrigued marine biologist Brent Hughes: why was the sea grass thriving in a slough near Monterey Bay when our current knowledge about the area would predict that the grass should be choked out by an overabundance of algae? As she weaves her story, Newman explains how valuable sea grass is to protecting the coastline and how fertilizer runoff leads to an overabundance of nutrients, which in turn leads to a huge amount of algae.
The algae prevents the grass from performing photosynthesis. She describes how the biologist methodically looked for clues. A certain kind of slug was eating the algae, but why were there so many of them in this slough? Large pictures fill each page as we follow the scientist in the process of observing, testing, and gather data from other sources. It turns out that otters eat clams which prey on the slugs, and therefore the slugs were able to keep up with eating the algae. Newman also includes interesting sidebars about topics like how the otters were almost hunted to extinction, or how otters are specifically built to be good hunters.
This would be an excellent book for any unit on ecosystems, and would be of special interest to children who live near the sea. It will also help them understand what scientists do, how they think, and how they put together information. This book won a Sibert Honor award for best nonfiction for the year It is a detailed and a bit challenging narrative for older elementary students, but the big text and large pictures should be able to draw reluctant readers in. Just in case you thought a book about asteroids would be a boring book about space rocks, author Elizabeth Rusch starts Impact!
Asteroids and the Science of Saving the World with a literal bang, giving us an account of an asteroid that streaked across the Russian sky in , exploding glass out of windows, rattling buildings, collapsing roofs, and setting off car alarms. Many people thought a bomb had exploded, but it turned out to be an asteroid about the size of the Eiffel Tower falling to earth across Russia until it crashed through the ice of a frozen lake. Along the way, it had burned up and split apart until the largest piece left was about the size of a chair.
She goes on to explain that most of the asteroids that come to earth come from a belt between Mars and Jupiter. Most of them stay there for millions of years, but every now and then, one gets nudged out and comes towards earth. The one that struck Russia in is actually considered one of the smaller ones.
The belt holds more than asteroids that are at least 60 miles wide, and close to a million are half a mile wide. When you see what kind of damage a relatively small asteroid can do, you understand the reason that scientists are trying to learn more about them, and --most importantly--how to stop a catastrophic one from hitting the Earth.
Rusch follows the scientists and tells how they track and find meteorites and how they analyze craters where asteroids fell millions of years ago. She includes a chapter on the asteroid that is thought to have changed the climate on earth enough to kill off most of the dinosaurs. She also shows how scientists are trying to identify asteroids they see in the sky by using infrared cameras because many asteroids don't reflect much light.
Once you've read about how many giant asteroids are out there, you may start thinking about what we would do if we knew that one big enough to be catastrophic was coming right toward us. Rusch has some answers for that as well. Some scientists think we should blow it up, while others think we should send something to crash into it or push it, vaporize it, or tug it out of the way. Interestingly, the Europeans are going to do some tests on asteroids coming by in to see if they can bump a couple of asteroids off their orbits. While this book has lots of technical information, it's highly engaging and includes all kinds of photos, artwork, charts and models to get its point across.
Children who read it will come back knowing more about space in general and asteroids in particular. The author includes quite a bit of supplementary material at the end which would lend itself to classroom extensions. She includes sites that NASA has set up to allow amateur astronomers to help find asteroids and help figure out what to do if a big one were coming towards us. She includes tips for meteorite collecting and additional sources, as well as a glossary and notes. The photo of the cute little panda on the cover of Camp Panda might make you think that you are in for a cute book about the "panda kindergartens" you see on the internet, places with toddler pandas playing on swings and slides while their human caregivers look on.
While it's true that there are plenty of photos of pandas looking adorable in this book, it's actually a rather comprehensive explanation of how staff at the Wolong Nature Reserve are developing a program to breed pandas and return them to the wild. The author, Catherine Thimmesh, starts with some general information on the pandas' habitat, diet, and method of taking care of their young. She then talks about the threats the wild panda faces, especially loss of habitat. Giant pandas have evolved into a peculiar ecological niche.
They eat only bamboo, which does not provide them with much nutrition, so they have to eat constantly. And the bamboo forests act as essentially one plant, and when the plant dies, the whole forest dies. The panda needs to be able to make it to the next bamboo forest before he or she starves, a feat that is more difficult to pull off as humans destroy what bamboo forests there are. Fortunately, China is aware that the panda is their most visible and beloved symbol, and so they are working on reforestation and captive breeding programs.
Now, they are working on an extensive program to raise the cubs so that they can survive in the wild on their own. Baby pandas prove to be an especially tricky subject for such a thing. They are born helpless and amazingly fragile. They only weigh about 4 ounces when they are born, and they are hairless. They can't see, move themselves from place to place, feed themselves, or even poop on their own--a fact which is sure to fascinate many a classroom student.
The author doesn't go into details about how the baby accomplishes it, but a little searching on the internet told me that the mother helps out by licking the area. Thimmesh describes the process the team went through to determine how they could prepare the cubs for the wild. One thing they do is to have people wear panda suits when they interact with the cubs, which make for some pretty interesting pictures. The suits are rubbed with panda urine and excrement so that they smell more like a panda than a human.
They explain that they're not really trying to convince the little pandas that they are adult pandas. They just don't want the animals to bond with the humans. They need to fear humans if they are going to protect themselves in the wild. As she tells her story, Thimmesh works in information about other endangered species and the effects of habitat loss, complete with some pretty impressive pictures of animals like tigers and polar bears.
As with any scientific endeavor, the panda reintroduction team faced setbacks, and I feel I need to tell you that one of their early releases survived for a while, but then died when he climbed a tree to get away from other males in the area and fell to his death. But the news gets better. The team analyzed what happened to the first panda, changed their procedures, and released another one who seems to be doing well so far. This book has quite a lot of text which is broken up with lots of big high-quality pictures , but Thimmesh does an excellent job of writing and keeping her story moving along.
From the first paragraph, she draws readers in, describing a female adult panda. It's hard for humans to cut through bamboo with an ax, but the panda peels and eats a single bamboo shoot in forty seconds! This is an excellent book for an older reader or one who is especially interested in pandas. It conveys the hard work and ingenuity of scientists as they work to solve problems and succeed at returning panda cubs to the wild. Snowy Owl Invasion sets out to solve a mystery.
Why did snowy owls travel so far south during the winter of ? People in Newfoundland Canada were spotting four times as many owls as usual in the area, and they were seen as far south as Maryland. The author, Sandra Markle, set out to track the scientists who were tracking the snowy owls. Markle gives a little background on the life cycle of a snowy owl and explains how important the lemming life cycle is to the snowy owl population.
She outlines a number of ideas for why the snowy owls ventured so far south that year. One idea is that there was more competition for food, and they had to travel farther. Another is that the strong winds that blew towards the southeast. Whatever the reason, she points out that it is hazardous for the owls to come to more populous regions and she details the efforts to track the birds and find out where exactly they were going so that they could come up with strategies to protect the birds in the future. The photos of the snowy owls are just beautiful, and I can imagine that children who have come to know the birds through the Harry Potter series would be interested in learning more about them.
This is a book that is meaty enough to have the information needed for a school report. And even though the photos are large, there is still quite a bit of text on each page, so this book would be suitable for an older child or a prolific reader. The book contains all kinds of nonfiction extras like maps, source notes, a glossary, additional resources, and an index. This is a book that will satisfy a common type of school assignment, the kind in which the teacher wants the students to do a report on the same topic, but use different examples. In this case, it would be an assignment about strong and accomplished women.
You'll find lots of books about people like Helen Keller and Clara Barton and Eleanor Roosevelt, but after a while the choices gets pretty slim if you have a large number of children in a class. Enter Women Who Dared.
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Thanks to Dorothy, the Munchkins are now free of the Wicked Witch forever who apparently kept them in her bondage for a long time. As Glinda assures the Munchkins that Dorothy will not harm them, the Munchkins come out of their hiding spots and a big celebration is thrown throughout Munchkinland. Dorothy is even declared a Hero by the Mayor of Munchkin city and all of the Munchkin county council. The celebration is interrupted when the Wicked Witch of the East's green skinned sister, the Wicked Witch of the West , Margaret Hamilton who appears in a cloud of flaming fire and red smoke.
This Witch is said to be much worse than her sister and she is very angry to see her sister is now dead and demands to know who is responsible for her sister's demise. Glinda then reminds the Wicked Witch of her sister's precious slippers, but before the Wicked Witch can take them to claim as her own, Glinda cleverly uses her own magic powers to teleport them onto Dorothy's feet to keep them out of the hands of evil. Just as the Wicked Witch reaches out to grab them the shoes vanish and as a result her dead sister's bare stocking feet curl up and shrink under Dorothy's house.
When the Witch ask where the pair are, Glinda reveals that Dorothy is now the new official owner. This upsets the Wicked Witch tremendously and she threatens Dorothy to give the shoes back as she is the only one who knows how to properly use them. But Glinda tells Dorothy to keep tight inside of them for their magic is very powerful. Glinda reminds the ill tempered Witch that she has no power in Munchkinland, and advises her to immediately leave at once before someone drops a house on her also! So the frightened Wicked Witch threatens Dorothy to watch her back, and promises to get her sooner or later, and her little dog too.
Disappearing in the same way she came, the Wicked Witch vanishes in a cloud of fire and smoke. Soon Dorothy asks Glinda how she is supposed to get back home again to her family in Kansas, since she did not bring her own broomstick. Glinda tells Dorothy that only the great and Wonderful Wizard of Oz can truly help her. And Glinda explains that the Wizard is the most powerful and mysterious figure within all the land and lives as a recluse in the Emerald City , which is a very long journey from Munchkinland.
To get there, Dorothy must follow the Yellow Brick Road which leads all the way to the city gates. Before departing, Glinda carefully warns Dorothy to never take off the magic Ruby Slippers even for a minute, or she will be at the mercy of the Wicked Witch of the West. Glinda then kisses Dorothy upon her forehead for luck and gracefully disappears up into the sky inside of her pink magic bubble again.
The Munchkins wish Dorothy and Toto a happy journey and wave farewell as she and the dog skip along the yellow paved road before them. Along the yellow brick road, Dorothy reaches a wide crossroads, and while confused as to which way to turn next, she also meets a talking Scarecrow Played by Ray Bolger , on a pole in a nearby cornfield to scare off the crows.
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The Scarecrow is deeply unhappy because he cannot fulfill his purpose and successfully scare the crows away. He also is unsatisfied because he doesn't have a brain. Dorothy tells him about the Wizard and how she is on her way to see him. With Dorothy's approval, the Scarecrow decides to come along with her and Toto in hopes that the wizard might give him some brains as he will send Dorothy back to her home in Kansas.
The two then set out on the yellow brick road again and continue on with their long journey. After tricking some rather mean trees and getting some of their delicious apples to eat for a hardy snack, they discover a Tin Man Played by Jack Haley on the side of the road hidden by trees and bushes. They see that the man is entirely made out of tin and is also completely rusted. He mumbles in agony for his oilcan and Dorothy and the Scarecrow oil up his joints so he can properly move again and talk without any restraint.
After thanking them for freeing him from his prison of rust, the Tin Man tells them a sad story, that he is empty inside because the Tinsmith who made his tin body forgot to add a heart to love. After thinking it over, they invite him to also come with them so the wizard can give him a heart as he will give Dorothy a way home and the Scarecrow a set of brains.
While getting properly acquainted, the trio are interrupted and threatened by the Wicked Witch who appears above them on the moss covered roof of a nearby wooden cottage. She warns them that if they venture any further or help Dorothy in anyway, that she'd stuff a mattress with Scarecrow and use Tin Man for a beehive. The Scarecrow and Tin Man stand up to the Witch as she throws a flaming fire ball in her hand at them before disappearing again.
The Scarecrow is afraid he will burn but the Tin Man quickly puts out the fire with his tin hat. The two both reassure Dorothy they will make sure she gets safely to the Emerald City to the Wizard whether they get brains or heart or not. After announcing that they are now all best friends, they began their quest to see the Wizard. They follow the yellow brick road which eventually leads them into a dark and scary forest in the night, with only the moonlight to guide them. This forest turns into a thick jungle filled with many dangers to be aware of such as lions and tigers and bears.
Here they come across the Cowardly Lion , Bert Lahr who jumps out of the darkness and on to the road before them. The Lion loudly roars furiously at the travelers to scare them. He mercilessly bullies the Scarecrow and the Tin Man who both fall down at the side of the road while Dorothy hides behind a big tree. The Lion sees Toto, who barks and growls at him so the Lion pursues to bite him. Dorothy, afraid for her dog defends her pet and slaps the Lion on the nose very hard before lecturing the beast. To the group's surprise, the Lion has a breakdown and begins to cry and sob.
He finally confesses and admits to tell them the truth about being a coward. He even admits he is scared of himself and hasn't slept in weeks. Dorothy and her friends sympathize and forgive him before inviting the sad Lion to see the Wizard. Later on, the travelers make it out of the dark forest and into the bright daylight again.
There before them, over hills and meadows of beautiful Poppies , they see the magnificent Emerald City of Oz sparkling and glowing in the distance. However, the Wicked Witch of the West has been spying on them the entire time through her magic crystal ball within her dark castle. The Wicked Witch creates a magic potion to poison the poppy flowers in the field the travelers are crossing to put Dorothy to sleep and sabotage her to slow her down for the Wicked Witch can finally retrieve her sister's Ruby Slippers and use their power to become the most powerful figure in all of Oz.
The poppies are indeed attractive to the eye, yet soothing to the smell and they begin to take full effect when the travelers are halfway into the meadow. This almost works as the Wicked Witch planned, and Dorothy, Toto and the Lion are put into a deep, deep sleep as the Scarecrow and Tin Man cry out for help.
Glinda the Good Witch hears their pleas and uses her magical wand to make it suddenly snow out of the clear blue sky to stop the poppy field's curse. Dorothy, Toto and the Lion almost instantly wake up only to find the Tin Man has rusted himself crying. After they oil the Tin Man again, they all happily continue the journey. The group safely reach the gates of the glorious Emerald City at last.
At first, the Guardian of the Gates is skeptical to let them into the city, but they are welcomed to enter inside thanks to the Ruby Slippers, Dorothy is wearing. Once he sees the slippers on Dorothy's feet, he immediately opens the large green doors that lead into the glorious city. Inside the city citizens are all fashionable people, wearing fancy green outfits and attractive robes. Before they are allowed to see Oz, the companions must take a tour of the beautiful city in a green buggy drawn by the "horse of a different color".
The four are all taken to the Emerald City beauty shop and salon to wash and tidy up to look presentable for the meeting with the Wizard. The Scarecrow gets re-stuffed with brand new straw, the Tin Man gets his tin body polished, Dorothy gets her hair done and the Lion gets his claws clipped and a curly perm for his mane that is adorned with red silk bow.
Dorothy, her friends and the citizens of the city all panic and question who is this Dorothy as everyone crowds together to consult the Wizard. The Soldier with the Green Whiskers tries to calm the city citizens down and tells them to go home and there is nothing to worry about. The citizens do as they are told and leave.
Soon after the gates of the Wizards palace are thrown open that lead into a very tall and wide yet dim hallway. At the end of the long hallway, is the extravagant royal throne room of Oz. Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man and Cowardly Lion meet the great and Powerful Wizard in the form of a giant-over sized translucent green head above a large green chair surrounded by green smoke and flames of shooting fire.
Each of them are allowed to speak with Oz's head one by one as he screams and shouts at them in a powerful intimidating voice, but no one dares to talk back or question his authority. He tells them all he is indeed willing to grant their requests and wishes. But here's the catch, only if they bring him the magic broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West first to prove they are worthy enough to deserve his assistance and his usage of power. The group then have no choice but to obey the Wizard's commands, which sadly would require them to destroy and kill the Wicked Witch.
While entering into the dark and very spooky Haunted Forest, in the western country of Oz, and which is the only way to reach the Wicked Witch's castle, about a mile or so away, the Wicked Witch looks into her crystal ball and sees them coming. The Wicked Witch waste no time and sends her Flying Monkeys out into the sky to bring her the girl and her dog and reminds the pact to not damage the Ruby Slippers. The Monkeys fly away into the darkness and to the Haunted Forest to do as they are told.
Dorothy and her friends see the Flying Monkeys in the sky coming straight towards them, so they run off as fast as they can in different directions. The army of Flying Monkeys are just as fast and they quickly attack, terrorize and bully Dorothy and her friends. The Monkeys beat and ruff up the Tin Man and pull the Scarecrow apart, leaving his straw scattered all around him.
Then they chase after Dorothy and Toto and grab hold of them both, lifting them high into the sky bringing them to the Witch's castle as Dorothy screams in fear. The Wicked Witch is now more satisfied as ever and tries to take the Ruby Slippers by threatening to drown little Toto in a river below the castle, even putting him in a basket in a very similar manner to Miss Gulch. Dorothy finally surrenders and agrees to give up the Ruby Slippers to the Witch in exchange for Toto back.
But when the Wicked Witch tries to have at the Ruby Slippers at last, they shoot an unpredictable and painful electric sparks out that shock the Witch's hands painfully. Toto, jumps out of the basket he is in and gets away to call for help. He safely escapes the castle grounds before anyone can catch him. This infuriates the Wicked Witch, who insists that it's more than Dorothy will.
The Wicked Witch then decides she has to kill Dorothy in the process if she wants the shoes all for herself. And as the Wicked Witch leaves she locks Dorothy in a room high up in a tower chamber with the hourglass of death, which represents Dorothy's time to be alive. The Wicked Witch abandons a frightened Dorothy, leaving her all alone as she goes off to figure out a way to take the Ruby Slippers off of Dorothy's feet without damaging the pair's power. Meanwhile, Toto makes it back to the Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion and takes them to the castle, showing them the way over a very rocky mountain.
When they arrive to where the Witch lives they see the castle is guarded by mean Winkie guards with sharp weapons and spears. They successfully and surprisingly beat up three of the Witch's Winkie guards who try to come up on them from behind. The three wear their uniforms to enter the castle in disguise. And Toto leads them up the castle stairs to the tower where Dorothy is locked in.
The Tin Man chops down the door and breaks the lock with his axe, freeing the distraught, imprisoned Dorothy just seconds before the hourglass of death ran out of time. Dorothy is happy to see Toto and her friends again, but there is no time to lose! They all quickly try to flee from the Witch's castle out the main door, but are caught red handed and attacked by the Wicked Witch and her guards who are ordered to seize them.
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After a chase scene up the castle walls, the Winkie guards have them cornered as they point to aim the sharp spears they carry directly at the four threatening to stab them. The Wicked Witch laughs and cackles. She wickedly taunts them all as she decides to kill everyone else and Dorothy last so she can watch. She starts with the Scarecrow first, taking her broomstick and setting the tip on fire from the flame of a torch on the wall of the castle and sets his arm on fire.
The Scarecrow begins to panic and shout, Dorothy throws a nearby bucket of collecting rain water to put out the fire, which also accidentally splashes all over the Witch. To the Witch this brings her death and causes her to melt away as she is liquidated. Putting a final end to her Wicked ways. To Dorothy's shock, the Winkie guards are thrilled that the Wicked Witch is dead, freeing them from her evil spell for serving her forever, they all hail Dorothy and bow down to her.
To show their appreciation, they thank her by also giving her the Witch's broomstick as a reward and souvenir trophy. The group make it back to the Emerald City. The Wizard seems surprised to see Dorothy and the friends return in one piece. The Wizard tells them to come back tomorrow. But Dorothy is angered at this so she demands for the Wizard to keep his promise and send her home. Toto sneaks off and pulls back a green curtain at the corner of the throne room, revealing a little old gray-haired man, Frank Morgan behind it dressed in a green suite, and Dorothy finds out that he is really the Wizard.
Just using machines to project a giant head giving it's audience a fake illusion. Dorothy tells the Wizard that he is a very bad man for doing this, but the Wizard insists he is a very good man, but on the other hand just a very bad Wizard. Keeping his promise and satisfying the three, he then turns to Dorothy and tells her that he is also from Kansas and came to Oz in a hot air balloon that was caught in a storm on a windy day at the circus fair.
He then tells Dorothy he will gladly take her and Toto back home and even accompany her and the three will return to the land of E Pluribus Unum! On the day the Balloon is to be launched, the Wizard tells all of the Emerald City citizens that are gathered around to watch him and Dorothy leave together, that the Scarecrow will officially rule over the Emerald City until he returns, if ever.
Before the last few seconds of the departure, Toto jumps right out of Dorothy's arms to chase after a Siamese cat with blue eyes who is meowing at him in the crowd. Dorothy rushes off after her dog, not wanting to leave him. Unfortunately the Balloon takes off so quickly and floats away into the sky without before Dorothy is able to return.
The Wizard sincerely apologizes as the Balloon fades higher and higher up into the sky and is never seen again. Dorothy is devastated and begins to cry as her three friends try comfort her. Dorothy tells everyone that she may never see Aunt Em again and doesn't know what to do. When all hope seems to be lost, Glinda the Good Witch appears for the second time in her magic floating bubble. She descends down into the city and the citizens all give her a low bow in her presence. Glinda then calms Dorothy down and tells her that she always had the power to return home to Kansas.
She informs Dorothy that she has learned her lesson of value to become a better person, and appreciate the people who love her.