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When they come home and meet their future brides, their tales get embellished, so that the pride of their communities remains intact. A harsher reality often awaits in Italy. Many leave large, cohesive families behind and end up sharing small houses with other couples or single men. Since their husbands work hard and come home only to eat and sleep, the world of these women shrinks to the size of their tiny bedrooms.

Italians had their friends and families. Loneliness prompted Sultana to open the first traditional fashion shop in the neighborhood of Tor Pignattara 18 years ago. She readily recognizes that the support of her husband Nurum was pivotal. In the same neighborhood, self-support organizations are being created to help fellow Bangladeshi women. In four days time, the association will hold a community picnic under the Marmore waterfall. The shop's staff have already booked two buses. She believes that men still exert too much control over their wives.

According to the Interior Ministry, almost 40, Bangladeshis live in Rome. Tor Pignattara, a working-class neighborhood on the eastern outskirts of the city, hosts the largest community. Sanjida, 29, is a cultural mediator. She came to Italy to be reunited with her husband. Sometimes I feel discriminated, but I want to build a family in Rome anyway. During my work I usually meet women who spend most of their time home alone.

I always encourage them to go out and find an Italian language course. Nair, who is 20, was born in Rome. She studies medicine at La Sapienza University. Sultana, 46, arrived in Italy 26 years ago. She opened the first traditional fashion shop in Torpignattara because she felt lonely when her husband was at work. They bring their children to school alone. They clean alone. But things are slowly changing. Salma, 50, has worked as a cultural mediator in hospitals, schools and public offices. I lost some of those during the way, but acquired new ones.

I always keep a window open to change. Sahila, 28, is a fiscal adviser.

Born and raised in Italy, she hates being asked whether she is more Bangladeshi or Italian. It's still a slow process, but I believe that things are getting better for Bangladeshi women, especially for the second generation. When Sahila speaks passionately, she waves her arms around in the most typical Italian way. Her family raised her as an open-minded woman.

Like many of her fellow second-generation Bangladeshi-Italians, Sahila loves the culture of her family, but cannot stand prejudices and stereotypes. She says that things are slowly changing, with Bangladeshi women working as caregivers, cultural mediators, waitresses and even as hairdressers. Today, the rebellious years of fighting her mother are behind her. She graduated from La Sapienza University, got married to a Bangladeshi man and now works in a fiscal advisory service.

But her feelings haven't changed: "When I think about my future as a mother, I just want my children to be as free as they can. Every day, DW's editors send out a selection of the day's hard news and quality feature journalism. Sign up for the newsletter here. Civil rights organizations in Italy fighting violence against women say a proposed law will roll back 40 years of progress in the fight for women's rights. Ylenia Gostoli reports from Rome. In Milan, Chinese finger food is becoming such a trend that its Chinatown is reportedly the country's fastest growing real estate area.

This zesty neighborhood is an example of the collaboration between China and Italy. Chinese immigrants have flocked to Italy to find work in the garment industry over the past decade. New arrivals are getting jobs in other fields and becoming more visible in Italian society. Europe's top human rights court has ruled against authorities in a landmark case of domestic violence in Italy. Embroiderer Ethel Mohamed demonstrates her artistry and traces its role in her life. Throughout the film old photographs and folk music round out the portraits.

Their lives of struggle, accomplishment and earned wisdom can teach and inspire all Americans. Filmakers Library Grandparents Raising Grandchildren 30 minutes This 30 minute video explores this newly emerging social issue by sharing the stories of four grandparents who are raising their grandchildren. The video examines, through the stories that are shared in a support group, the major issues facing a grandparent as a parent. This video should be seen by all grandparents who are facing the prospect of caring full time for grandchildren and by those who have already become the primary caregiver.

Help and support are available and this video can serve as a guide and an encouragement to grandparents who parent. Penn State Audio Visual Services Growing Old in a New Age: 4 - Love, Intimacy and Sexuality , 60 minutes, color Examines the sources of love and affection in old age, showing how aging may affect sexual and reproductive functioning.

Older individuals discuss the continuing need for companionship, intimacy, love and sex. Penn State Audio Visual Services Growing Old in a New Age: 5 - Learning, Memory and Speed of Behavior , 60 minutes, color Explores what happens to mental capacity during the aging process, focusing on techniques used to maintain and augment mental functioning. Older people talk about the importance of lifelong learning. Penn State Audio Visual Services Growing Old in a New Age: 6 - Intellect, Personality and Mental Health , 60 minutes, color Gerontologists discuss longitudinal and cross-sectional research designs to study intellect and personality during the life span.

Elders speak on issues of mental health and stress-reduction techniques. Penn State Audio Visual Services Growing Old in a New Age: 13 - The Future of Aging , 60 minutes, color Covers generational conflicts, resource needs of a growing population and the role of technology in improving quality of life for older people.

Experts contemplate the process of aging in the 21st century. It also addresses the related issues of intimacy, privacy and respect for individuality. The video chronicles the lessons a worker learns as she first interrupts a couple in an intimate embrace, later jokes with co-workers about the incident and finally comes to realize that the need for love, respect and privacy does not diminish with age. Terra Nova Films Heaven Can Wait 40 minutes Everyone would like to live forever, but until now the idea of greatly expanding the length of human life has been relegated to science fiction.

Unable to pay the deposit on his new apartment until his social security check arrives and unaware of the community based services available to him, Mr. Stones is forced to survive on the street. The video focuses on what happens to him during the first few days of homelessness. The video can be used as an opener for presenting information to groups of older adults about the services and help that are available to protect them from becoming homeless.

Terra Nova Films How to Live to Be , 19 minutes, color Studies the life styles of a number of individuals who have achieved the year milestone, seeking clues to the longevity and explanations for the increasing number of centenarians in America. Also looks at the most common health hazards facing the elderly, the relationship between social and physical activity and longevity and whether intelligence declines in old age. This film presents us with the latest research on the very old on the U. James Vopel, a senior scientist at Duke University leads a team of scientists seeking to unravel the secrets of longevity.

It has been observed that every decade, the number of centenarians doubles. Once people reach eighty, the mortality rate seemed to reach a plateau. In Denmark, where birth records are among the best in the world, over two hundred centenarians were studied. We meet Inge who lives independently at Like many people who live to be her age, she has a cheerful disposition and takes pride in her appearance.

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In Bama, China, people are poor and life is strenuous, yet there is a remarkably high rate of longevity. There are presently more centenarians per capita than anywhere else in the world. People in Bama eat a small bean known as homa, which is cooked into a broth. All food is simmered in this broth rather than stir fried, so there is no fat in their diet.

Through studying such factors as lifestyles, heredity and nutrition, the film provided insights into the elusive secrets of long life. Our hearing becomes less acute after age ten, we lose height after twenty-five and our immune system declines in our thirties. And yet our body adapts and we hardly notice these changes. It is interesting to note that we are the only species to age beyond the reproductive years. In fact, most animals in the wild do not live up to their genetic potential, faced with natural predators. Experts such as John Rowe, M. Sinai Hospital in New York City, tell us that most older people are quite fit and able to live independently.

Studies show that with proper exercise and diet, the heart of a fit seventy-year-old can be as strong as the heart of a sedentary thirty-year-old. The way a person ages is influenced by a complex interplay of genetic, environmental and social factors. We meet people in their nineties who have the key ingredients to a happy old age—their independence.

The film concludes with a prescription for leading productive lives after retirement. While a nursing home is often the best possible arrangement in terms of care and security, for many it means adjusting to a very different lifestyle. In this engaging video several residents of a nursing home discuss aspects of aging and of life in a long-term care facility. Terra Nova Films Images of Aging 18 minutes This video portrait shows the diversity inherent in the experience of aging.

Terra Nova Films has taken excerpts from its collections of films and videos and edited them into an entertaining and informative sequence that shows the different sides of aging. Terra Nova Films In the Middle of the End 28 minutes This film is about bioethical decision making as it relates to health care for the elderly. Produced in documentary style, the film shows real situations ranging from an individual patient's right to die, to the use of pharmacological restraints in a nursing home.

It features the commentary of widows and widowers who describe their feelings, reactions and strategies for adjustment and stresses the importance of a strong network of friends and family. Insight Media Intellect, Personality and Mental Health 60 minutes This program examines intellectual function and the nature of personality in older adults.

Gerontologists describe longitudinal and cross-sectional research designs to study intellect and personality over the life span. Elders discuss mental health and stress reduction techniques. The program shows her as a neighborhood activist, leading a group in a fight to improve the safety of the community and helping others in a variety of ways. It considers the unique characteristics and benefits of long-term marriages and discusses relationships with siblings, adult children and grandchildren.

In each, seniors share their own experiences with the viewer. The role and importance of personal relationships in shown, followed by an in-depth look at a variety of these relationships.

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Long-term marriages are studied in terms of their unique characteristics as well as their unique benefits to the partners. The topic is explored in terms of the wide variety of patterns that exist in the way individuals retire. The life satisfaction and well-being of people during their retirement years is studied and probed. Finally, the numerous social adjustments that one must make and suggestions for optimal adjustments are discussed. Along with retiring, many seniors also make changes in living arrangements. Today, more than ever in out history, there are numerous options for seniors with respect to housing.

A wide variety of these options are studied ranging from completely independent living and the many choices available in-between these extremes. The importance of seniors feeling they have a sense of control is examined as well. Dying and bereavement are experienced very differently in different cultures. This sociocultural context of dying is explored in depth from a variety of perspectives. The pioneer in the discussion of death in our culture is Elizabeth Kubler-Ross. Her seminal work is present as a way of conceptualizing the dying process.

Bereavement is also a process and its various aspects are examined as well. Finally, widowhood, a state that will be experienced by half of all married people, is presented focusing on the differences in adjustment to widowhood that exists for men and for women. It is a critical element of good adjustment and well-being at every stage of development. We are social creatures and thrive on these interactions and relationships as we grow and develop.

The makeup of the social convoy changes over time, even though family members usually comprise a part of that convoy. Seniors talk about their marriages and the issues they have dealt with through the years with varying degrees of success. The essence of these marriages can be seen in both the verbal and non-verbal messages they send each other. Seniors are involved with their adult children and grandchildren. The quality of their involvement varies and is demonstrated. Through this video we see that diversity abounds as we age.

Lastly, seniors talk about the importance of their friendships. Having close friends is crucial to happiness in late adulthood, even more so than relationships with family. A Discussion Guide is included with purchase. They demonstrate a variety of ways to move into retirement and living out the retired lifestyle.

Finally, they demonstrate differences in adjusting to being retired. Diversity is evident as seniors discuss the decision-making process they undertook regarding choices of living arrangements: stay where they had lived for many years, or move to another type of housing. They tell us how satisfied they are with their choices. They describe their feelings, their reactions and the ways they adjusted. These seniors share their life-altering experiences and the effects it had on them.

In this second portion of the program, seniors reveal their integrity and despair, both in glaring fashion. Performing a life review and pondering how they might be remembered are two processes by which people try to achieve integrity. Insight Media A Late Frost 55 minutes Using explicit images, interviews with children, interviews with older adults and reflections of the late Gerhard Frost, this video takes the viewer on a poignant, inspiring exploration of what it feels like to grow old.

The video is divided into ten sections that can easily be viewed separately to allow time for discussing each reflection on an aspect of the aging process. This program looks at the changing roles of the elderly in society. It examines the myths and realities of old age and how the personal needs of the elderly are changing and looks at the societal consequences of having a graying population. It takes a look at the techniques used to maintain and augment mental functions and shows elders explaining the crucial role lifelong learning plays in keeping their memory, thinking abilities and behavior skills sharp.

What will be the impact of increasing longevity on society, the environment and the global economy? Combining commentary from leading scientists with case studies of centenarians form the U. For two months, the film crew lived together with a group of patients who have lost different aspects and varying degrees of what we consider "normalcy.

In Dutch with English subtitles. Older adults discuss their continuing need for companionship, intimacy, love and and sex. This year-old veteran of the Spanish-American War writes poetry, philosophizes, designs and helps build a log cabin and and is deeply involved in the lives of his grandchildren and other young people in the community.

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Penn State Audio Visual Services Maggie 20 minutes In this rare videotaped interview with Maggie Kuhn, the founder of the Gray Panthers, Maggie speaks out on the need for an intergenerational movement, what old and young have in common, the "four M's" for older adults, the importance of the spiritual dimension, caregivers and care receivers and and the Gray Panther Growl. Together the speakers talk about maintaining the spiritual missions of their congregations, developing programs designed to maintain the elderly in the community, establishing a connection between congregations and social services and and the interface between congregational and social service responsibilities.

Terra Nova Films May Sarton: Writing in the Upward Years 30 minutes This video focuses on the role of aging in the creative process and how it has affected Sarton's life. It features scenes of the poet reading selected works in which she has "chartered the waters" of her own aging. Augmented by archival photographs, the dramatic readings and candid interviews provide a rare and intimate portrait of a journey into older age.

What if memory-enhancing drugs and computer chips could change our perception and retention of knowledge and our wisdom and self-understanding? This program explores the impact of present and future scientific advances in memory improvement. When we see her dance at age 90, we understand her vibrancy and her power to still touch lives. Terra Nova Films The Mind: 3 — Aging , 60 minutes, color Questions stereotypes between the mind and the aging process and proves that, even in old age, new brain connections can be formed.

This program reveals the psychosocial and cultural barriers which prevent access to health and social services. Harrower is also one of the pioneers in the development of projective psychology. Focusing on the relationship between creativity and the aging process, Ms. Harrower is shown at a reading of her poetry and in interview segments. Terra Nova Films Mollye and Max 24 minutes Lovingly videotaped by their granddaughter over a period of years this minute video shows us a long-lived and happy couple.

Married for over 65 years, Mollye and Max show us the fruits of long-lived marriage and and help us understand how to grow old gracefully with optimism and good humor. Experts and elders describe how people learn about aging and debunk common myths, such as the idea that most older people are ill or that there is no sex after the age of This program examines many of these efforts, some legitimate and some truly bizarre.

Among the different techniques examined in the program are: plastic surgery for a middle-aged woman; a look at progeria, the genetic disease which accelerates aging but which may offer clues to actually extending life; the Pritikin Longevity Center which uses a demanding exercise program and Third world vegetarian menus; a retirement community in Arizona where staying young is a state of mind; the German health spa in Baden-Baden and its therapeutic water; and advocates for living longer through megavitamin supplements, as well as efforts to reanimate people through cryonic suspension.

The program concludes with the latest research efforts into aging and explores the very real possibility that, in the near future, life expectancy could rise well past years old. An HBO production. In frank testimonials, they acknowledge some of the challenges and limits that advancing years impose, but also reveal that the nineties can be a passionate, satisfying and fulfilling time of life. Terra Nova Films Not A Jealous Bone 11 minutes This 11 minute video is a surrealistic allegory about an older woman's search for everlasting life in the form of a magic bone.

Many of the images in this film may not in and of themselves appear to be "positive" images of aging. But stay with this award-winning film to the end and you may see how Sophie eventually reconciles with her mortality and celebrates older life. Terra Nova Films Old Enough to Know Better 58 minutes, color Old Enough to Know Better shows the struggles and personal gains experienced by a group of individuals both students and professors , who, in a culture that values youth over old age, have chosen to go back to school and take control of their lives.

As society prepares for an ever-increasing graying population, this uplifting film offers inspiration for the lifelong teacher and student in all of us. Venturing out on the streets in over a hundred cities, she experienced the terror that society can inflict on the weak and the old. She was rendered helpless by the speed and noise of the environment of our youth-oriented society. Once she was attacked by a gang of thirteen-year-olds. She found that even the most simple products can frustrate the elderly and make their lives miserable.

Arthritic hands cannot easily open jars or hold pens. Labels are hard to read. She had to survive in a world designed for the young and fit. Here is a provocative film to help people understand the feelings and problems of being old. Filmakers Library Older Brains, New Connections: A Conversation with Marian Diamond at 73 , 20 minutes The importance of physical exercise and good nutrition for humans across the life span has become well accepted by the general public, intellectually, if not in practice. Her work is reflected in the increased importance our society is placing on the earliest years of life, but the importance of mental stimulation for older people is only beginning to get attention.

Erikson begins a frank and personal re-examination of the last stage of the life cycle. She and her husband Erik Erikson formulated their eight stage life cycle theory during their middle years and and Mrs. Erikson believes they tended to romanticize the eighth stage in which she is not living. This video was shot in when Mrs. Erikson was about to celebrate her 90th birthday.

With great grace, humor and some feistiness, Mrs. Erikson takes on a wide range of topics from forgetfulness, coping with physical limitations and facing death. The film is a thought-provoking experience for everyone interested in developmental psychology and for all who live or work with an older person…or are planning to be old themselves. Erikson describes her search for a better living situation for her frail husband and then presents her poignant recounting of his subsequent death.

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She uses these experiences to suggest strategies to meet the physical and emotional needs of the fragile old and to support those who work with them. With a personal understanding of the challenges of old age, Mrs. Erikson revisits the eighth stage of the life cycle and proposes a new ninth stage for the changes that face the very old. She describes the difficulties of being in one's nineties without losing what she calls one's "indomitable core.

Davidson Films O ral History: A Century of Living 58 minutes, color Using compelling interviews, this documentary tells the fascinating story of the 20th century in the words of those whose lives have spanned it. Assisted by archival footage, these vibrant centenarians candidly recall the lifestyle of an old-fashioned America and provide a unique perspective on the events that shaped the past hundred years, from the labors of a pre-electric society, to World War II, to the Civil Rights Movement and and beyond.

An HBO Production. This touching film follows a group of senior citizens as they rehearse and perform an original play about their quest for dates through the personal ads. The material for the play is drawn from the comedy and drama of their own lives and the film follows them into their homes to explore the joys and sorrows of growing old in America. This outstanding film draws a surprisingly humorous and often achingly frank portrait of a segment of society whose inner lives are not often explored. Considers his life in Paris in the early s and friendship with Gertrude Stein.

Reveals that his sense of humor, artistic drive and interest in women remained undimmed. This program accompanies photographer Ron Levine on his mission to depict the physical, emotional and psychological conditions of aging inmates —including those nearing death. In her poverty-stricken village of Falcon, Mississippi, she is a modern day folk hero. From cotton fields to the classroom, from post-mistress to newspaper columnist, one theme has played throughout her life - service to others.

For the people of Falcon, she is the essence of kindness and compassion. Rivka Woll—a teacher who passes her childhood songs along to her family. Kam—a retired factory worker who delivers the paper to his neighbors for exercise. These people age together, with dignity and a sense of humor, at Raananah, a summer colony they started 60 years ago. Through home movies, we see them as young people and hear of their dreams. Now we share one summer with them—long walks, intimate chats and community gatherings—as they reflect on community, old age and staying true to themselves. She reviews the Eight Stages of Life theory that she developed with her husband, psychologist Erik Erikson and expounds upon the vertical and horizontal axes.

She explains how aging has caused her to rethink the description of the Eighth Stage.

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In the second part, filmed two years later, she describes the new Ninth Stage of her stage theory of life and the associated conflicts, including mistrust vs. Insight Media Richard Eberhart: Writing in the Upward Years 27 minutes The third part of the Writing in the Upward Years series again focuses on the role of creativity in the aging process, this time as witnessed in the life and art of Pulitzer Prize winning poet, Richard Eberhart.

Through commentary, selected readings by the poet and interview segments, the viewers share in the development of Eberhart's treatment of themes relating to the aging process and see how his poetic imagination has responded to the various stages and experiences of aging. Rental: Terra Nova Films Sage 47 minutes Average life spans in the West have increased by thirty years in the past century. More of us today have the privilege of focusing on the goal not simply of living longer but of living better, more energetically, more creatively.

Its eight portraits of active, engaged seniors, from diverse ethnic, religious, educational and socioeconomic backgrounds, cover a broad spectrum of creative activities. They are pursuing lifetime interests — and some new ones as well — in philosophy, political activism, teaching, social service, business, the visual arts and writing.


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Among the seniors profiled is television chef Julia Child. In their own words and voices, these thoughtful elders reflect on the process of growing older, the meaning of wisdom and the importance of making a contribution. The documentary is a tribute to the gifts of age and a vivid demonstration that later life can and should be a time of burgeoning creative freedom and possibility, with opportunities not only to hone existing skills but to explore new terrain as well. Sage will spark discussion between the generations and will act as a catalyst for elder imagination and action.

This program examines this research, looking at a study of a new way to prevent the onset of age-related dementia, the effects of the hormone DHEA on aging and at therapy aimed at helping Alzheimer's patients re-activate their memories. Early Adulthood concentrates on the developmental tasks of those between 20 and 40 years of age.

Middle Adulthood studies the toyear-old group and Late Adulthood looks at the stage when people evaluate their lives. This final program in the series examines the last stage of human development, a period when people evaluate the stories of their lives and wonder what they might do to change or add to them. Because we often judge ourselves by what we can do instead of who we are, self-esteem diminishes as energy and physical prowess decline.

But as psychologist H. Stephen Glenn points out, one can approach aging as another challenge from which to learn and grow. The seniors pictured in this program come from a variety of circumstances. All find themselves happier and more fulfilled when they become involved in the community. Filmakers Library Sex and Aging: Overcoming the Obstacles to Maintaining a Vital Sex Life 60 minutes This program features an open forum about aging, sex, cultural expectations and myths. The program addresses such issues as gender differences, physical changes due to aging, interventions and suggestions for a vital sex life.

Insight Media Sexuality and Aging 30 minutes This video reveals that sexual function and satisfaction are both possible and desirable for a majority of older adults. Older men and women speak candidly about their sexual attitudes and relationships. Gerontologists, sex researchers and a sexuality educator give their perspectives on this rarely discussed aspect of aging. It explains that many older adults have questions and concerns about intimacy or sexuality, but do not know where to go for answers.

It debunks the myth that sexual function and satisfaction cannot be realized in older adults. Because of the lifelong human need for intimacy and understanding of both normal sexuality and sexual dysfunction in old age is important. This program addresses such topics as normal sexuality, sexual dysfunction and treatment options. Terra Nova Films Social and Cultural Foundations 30 minutes This video explores the social and cultural foundations of age prejudice, intergenerational conflicts and elder abuse, considering such potentially causal factors as economic stress and drug abuse.

It provides numerous individual and group vignettes of counseling issues. It examines the losses of social roles from retirement or death of a loved one and the pioneering of new roles. When Harry's wife dies, Sonny a widower himself tries to befriend Harry, but Harry is far from receptive to his overtures and the two enter a dance of gruffness and hostility as they test each other.

Their story is a good example of how men can support each other, admit their frailties and still maintain their "manly" demeanor. It also demonstrates the importance of significant relationships among older people.

Terra Nova Films Spiritual Elderly 60 minutes Zalman Schachter explains the model of the spiritual elder, showing how to help older clients understand how apparently negative events can lead to positive outcomes. The group was formed at the request of the group members' doctor who recognized the connection between the mental and physical health of her patients.